How is it treated?
Treatment for prostate cancer will depend on your individual circumstances.
Although, for many men with prostate cancer, no treatment will be necessary, says the NHS.
When treatment is necessary, the aim is to cure or control the disease so it affects everyday life as little as possible and does not shorten life expectancy,” explains the health body.
If it is caught early enough, your specialist care team may recommend a radical prostatectomy, notes the health site.
A radical prostatectomy is the surgical removal of your prostate gland.
“This treatment is an option for curing prostate cancer that has not spread beyond the prostate or has not spread very far,” explains the NHS.
Am I at risk?
It’s not known exactly what causes prostate cancer, although a number of things can increase your risk of developing the condition.
Age is the most common risk factor. According to Cancer Research UK, it mostly affects men aged 75 to 79 years.
Recent research also suggests there may be a link between obesity and prostate cancer.
Specifically, being overweight or obese increases your risk of advanced prostate cancer.
Researchers have found a link between being obese or overweight and cancers being higher grade (faster growing).
This underscores the importance of eating a healthy diet and keeping active.
Other risk factors include:
- Ethnic group – prostate cancer is more common among men of African-Caribbean and African descent than in Asian men
- Family history – having a brother or father who developed prostate cancer before age 60 seems to increase your risk of developing it; research also shows that having a close female relative who developed breast cancer may also increase your risk of developing prostate cancer
- Diet – research is ongoing into the links between diet and prostate cancer, and there is some evidence that a diet high in calcium is linked to an increased risk of developing prostate cancer.